Print ISSN: 1813-8497

Online ISSN: 2410-8456

Volume 7, Issue 1

Volume 7, Issue 1, Winter and Spring 2008, Page 1-69


PREVALENCE OF Β- LACTAMASE PRODUCING STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS IN SLAUGHTERED

Adnan M. AL- Rodhan

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1-8
DOI: 10.33762/bvetr.2008.55452

Fifty liver and lung samples (25 for each) were examend for the presence of Staphylococcus aureus . The rate of S. aureus isolates were 60 and 56% in livers and lungs respectively.
Identification of S. aureus isolates were performed by studying, it's cultural characteristics on mannitol salt agar and testing their pathogenicity factors (Coagulase, haemolysis and
B-lactmase production), 72.4% of isolates were coagulase positive, 58.6% were β-lactamase producer, 62.1% were β-haemolytic and 37.9% were α-haemolytic. There was a difference in the ablity of S. aureus isolates to produce B-lactamase concerning the time of decolourization when iodometric assay was used.

EFFECT OF DICHLORVOS PESTICIDE ON FERTILITY OF LABORATORY MALE MICE (Mus musculus L.)

Faris Shaker Kata

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 9-18
DOI: 10.33762/bvetr.2008.55454

Dichlorvos is one of organophosphate insect pesticides which is widely distributed in environment. This study deals with the effect of this pesticide on sperms number , sperm abnormalities and spermatogenesis in laboratory male mice (Mus musculus L.) which were treated with (0.1 mg/day , 0.05 mg/day ) of the pesticide for a period of 15 day.
intraperitoneal injection of Dichlorvos in laboratory mice resulted in a significant decrease in sperms number with both doses as compared with the control group. The result also showed a significant increase of sperm abnormalities with both doses. Moreover, pesticide injection caused a significant decrease in spermatogonia and primary spermatocyte with both doses whereas the statistical analysis did not show any significant difference in tubular diameter when compared with the control group.

EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF CHITOSAN HYDROGEL AS HAEMOSTATIC FROM DORSAL NASAL VEINS IN RABBITS

Bassim K.Khashjoori; Abdalbari A. Alfars

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 19-25
DOI: 10.33762/bvetr.2008.55457

The haemostatic capability, adhesion ability and biocompatibility of chitosan sponges was compared with conventional method as control group. The chitosan sponges were briefly immersed in an aqueous 20% ammonia solution before being applied to a rabbit dorsal nasal vein wound. The total amount of bleeding from the injured veins until hemostasis was similar for both chitosan and control group. The complete hemostasis success rates for both the chitosan and control group were also similar. Under hemostasis, the chitosan sponges strongly adhered to the surface of the rabbit muscles, whereas the control group. Under wet conditions, however, there was no significant difference in the adhesive ability between the two groups.
During implantation, the chitosan sponges were much more flexible and resistant to breakage that good. The biocompatibilities in addition, biodegradation rates of the Chitosan sponges were very different after subcutaneous implantation in rabbit.

CHRYSOMYA BEZZIANA IN DOGS THREAT BASRAH PROVINCE – SOUTH OF IRAQ

Mushtaq Abdul- Mahdi Aziz Al- helfi

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 26-27
DOI: 10.33762/bvetr.2008.55462

Above 100 of street dogs were infested with OWS ( chrysomya bezziana larvae villeneuvi ) . It may considered a source of sepirated of adult fly of Screw – worm ows –fly
involve injuries on the skin of sick dogs infected with mange or tics or lice (external parasite ) which cause Pitical injuries fly lead 150 -500eggs to hatch of the 6-12hours to instor larva &caused myiasis with 50c temperature & 60 -80 humidity (may &June ).
Dogs be nervous &run away with heavy infected by ows . infected dogs which under cultural were treated with general therapy &some chemical insecticides take good results .

ANTI-NOCICEPTIVE EFFECT OF RHIZOME OF ZINGIBER OFFICINALE(GINGER),APPLE VINGER AND THEIR COMBINATION ON ANIMAL MODELS OF PAIN IN LABORATORY RATS.

Nowfel H.Jassim

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 28-36
DOI: 10.33762/bvetr.2008.55465

This study was performed to investigate the anti-nociceptive effect of aqueous extract of Zingiber officinale rhizomes by three animal models of pain (hot plate test , tail flick and formalin test.
The results showed that the oral administration of aqueous extract of ginger caused (81%) increase in hot plate time,(100%)increase in tail flick time and (41%)decrease in number of licking and biting with respect to pre-administration number. While the rats that given apple vinegar only caused (79%)increase in hot plate time, (83%)increase in tail flick time and (47%)decrease in number of licking and biting with respect to pre-administration levels. When the ginger was mixed with vinegar, it showed only (85%)increase in hot plate test,(77%)increase in tail flick test and(63%)in formalin test.

THE MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF SOME RAW MILK PRODUCTS

Rasha M.Othman; Nawras N.Japer; Alaa T. Abdul Alwahid

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 37-39
DOI: 10.33762/bvetr.2008.55468

Seventy five white cheese, semi-white cheese and cream (25 samples of each )were randomly collected from different area in basrah city and were investigated for microbiological quality.In these samples, the numbers of microorganisms were found as follows:14.13x104 cfu/g ,16.46x103 cfu/g and 12.36x103 cfu/g for total mesophilic bacteria , 9.87 X102 cfu/g total Psychrotrophic bacteria of cream , 12.92 X103 cfu/g, 6.97X102 cfu/g and 6.13 X102 cfu/g staphylococcus aureus, 98.72 X103 cfu/g,10.55 X102 cfu/g and 6.54 X102 cfu/g coliform count , 21.77 X102 cfu/g , 6.47 X102 cfu/g and 6.40 X102 cfu/g Escherichia coli .Total Psychrotrophic bacteria were not detected in white cheese and semi-white cheese . Significant (p<0.05) variations were found between raw white cheese, semi-white cheese and cream whereas no Significant variations were found between semi-white cheese and cream for all microbial group. The microbiological findings showed the presence of high counts of microorganisms investigated and the poor hygienic quality

THE INHIBITORY EFFECT OF TELLURIC ACID AGAINST GROWTH OF SOME BACTERIA(IN VITRO)

Eman T. Ali; Shaker.A.N.Al Jadaan

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 40-45
DOI: 10.33762/bvetr.2008.55472

It was found that 0.3M of telluric acid dissolved in distilled water added in to Muller-Hinton agar media inhibited the growth of some gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus albus and Streptococcus pyogenes) as well as some gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella aerogenes and Pseudomonas aeruginosa). Higher concentration of telluric acid solution in to the media inhibited growth of bacteria more strongly

SOME HAEMATOLOGICAL VALUES IN NORMAL DOGS

Saleem Amin Hasso; Rahman Kadhum Muhsen

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 46-50
DOI: 10.33762/bvetr.2008.55480

Haematological values of sixty normal dogs aged from 2 months to 2 years of both sexes were estimated. Red blood cells count (RBCs), hemoglobin concentration (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV). Mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), total and differential leukocyte count, total plasma protein, plasma albumin, fibrinogen and globulins were determined using several laboratory techniques and equations.
The results revealed that, all RBCs parameters decreased with age except Hb, MCH and MCHC. The latter two increased with age while Hb was unchanged. All other parameters increased significantly with age. There were no significant differences in all parameters between both sexes.

INVESTIGATIONAL STUDY TO CHANGES OCCUR IN CONCENTRATION OF BLOOD SERUM PROTEIN DURING PREGNANCY IN IRAQI COW

Rashad Fadhil Ghadhban

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 51-57
DOI: 10.33762/bvetr.2008.55484

A study was conducted on (35) healthy Frisian cow aged (2-4) years and were grown in farms in Al-zubair region, in Basrah city This study was performed to find the effect of pregnancy on blood serum protein concentration (Total protein, Albumin, Globulin, Globulin fractions (α, β, γ).
The result revealed there was significant elevation (P<0.01) in concentration of Total protein, Albumin, Globulin, α, γ, Globulin between non pregnant and pregnant animal in 8th month. And there was no significant change occur on β, Globulin concentration.¬¬
When compared the result between the 8th and 9th month of pregnant the result revealed very significant decrease (P<0.01) in the concentration of Globulin, α, γ, Globulin and significant decrease (P<0.05) in the concentration of Total protein, while significant increase in Albumin concentration, in the 9th month of pregnant, and there was no significant change in β, Globulin concentration.

EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF PHENOLIC EXTRAC FROM HALOXYLON SALICORNICUM

Abbas; M.H; B.A; Al-Saeed; R.M; and Othman

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 58-63
DOI: 10.33762/bvetr.2008.55489

Investigation of antibacterial and antifungal activity of phenolic extract of Haloxylon salicornicum was carried out in this study on Gram positive and Gram negative pathogenic bacteria and some species of fungi. The results exhibited variable susceptibilities of microorganisms for different concentration of phenolic extract. The activity of this extract was associated with high concentrations. Using plate method, phenolic extract of H. salicornicum had the highest effect and wide diameter of growth inhibition zone against Candida albicans and Klebsiella pneumonia, and it has no effect on growth of Asprigillus fumigatus and A.. terreus only when very high concentrations is used

THE EFFECT OF PANCURONIUM BROMIDE AS A MUSCLE RELAXANT ALONE OR COMBINATION WITH DIAZEPAM IN SHEEP

Abdalbari A. Alfars

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 64-69
DOI: 10.33762/bvetr.2008.55493

The effect of pancuronium bromide (0.025 mg/kg. B.W.) alone or combined with diazepam (1mg/Kg. I.V) were evaluated in six adult ewes. Pancuronium bromide alone exhibited a muscle relaxants effect, but without analgesia.
All baseline measurements were taken before the administration the anesthetic agent and were repeated at 5,10,15,20 and 25 min. intervals after induction an aesthesia alone or combination with diazepam . it was found that heart rate decreased at 5 min.,but respiratory rate did change at 5-25 min. and it was significantly at 15,20 and 25 min.
Pancuronium bromide – diazepam combination is responsible for declined respiratory rate and decumbency position in early stage.
Pancuronium bromide – diazepam induce effective and safe an aesthesia for periods 45 minutes, due to competitive diazepam as a sedative effect of muscle relaxation. Adequate strength and duration of analgesia due to prevent impulse transmission histamine and ensured rapid and safe recovery