The objective of the current study was to evaluate the healing of experimentally severed Achilles tendons of the dogs repaired by Kessler suture pattern alone or with autologous peritoneal scaffold. A total of twelve healthy, neurologically and orthopedically local breed dogs were used in this study, which were randomly allocated into two equal groups (6 of each). The 1st
group as a control, while the 2nd
as a treated group. In both groups the Achilles tendon of one hind limb was completely severed transversely, in 1st
group the tendon was repaired by Kessler suture pattern using silk No.3, while in the 2nd
group a combination of Kessler suture and autogenous peritoneal scaffold was applied to reinforce the tendon repair. The site of surgery was evaluated clinically, while gross and histological study was performed at 15, 30 and 60 days post-operative days. Results was revealed that autologous peritoneum graft has a remarkable effects on Achilles tendon healing represented by improving fibroblastic proliferation, reduce adhesion, increase tendon strength and improve tendon function when compared with the control group. We concluded that peritoneal graft application has valuable and beneficial effects on treatment of ruptured Achilles tendon in dogs when utilizing it in conjunction with the traditional procedures.